In response to the rapid creation of new independent agencies in the early twentieth century see discussion below, Congress enacted the Administrative Procedure Act APA in 1946. Many of the independent agencies operate as miniature versions of the tripartite federal government, with the authority to "legislate" through rulemaking; see Federal Register and Code of Federal Regulations, "adjudicate" through administrative hearings, and to "execute" administrative goals through agency enforcement personnel. Because the United States Constitution sets no limits on this tripartite authority of administrative agencies, Congress enacted the APA to establish fair administrative law procedures to comply with the constitutional requirements of due process. Agency procedures are drawn from four sources of authority: the APA, organic statutes, agency rules, and informal agency practice. It is important to note, though, that agencies can only act within their congressionally delegated authority, and must comply with the requirements of the APA. There are very few federal marriage laws, so it's left to the states to determine their own requirements for marriage eligibility, applications, and licenses.
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A47. Restatements of the Law organize the common law of the United States in a distinctive format that includes the text of legal provisions, official commentary, illustrations, and notes. They are written by the American Law Institute ALI, which is a legal organization composed of noted professors, judges, and lawyers. Restatements are divided broadly into chapters and subdivided into titles and then into sections. Each section begins with a restatement of the law, followed by hypothetical illustrations. Restatements often influence court decisions but are not binding on the courts in and of themselves. ALI has completed Restatements in over fifteen subject areas. The following are selected examples of Restatements of the Law: Legal directories are locators for legal and government information. A variety of resources provide information about attorneys, law firms, legal experts, professors, government officers, corporate legal departments, legal aid organizations, and elected officials. For example, the Federal Regulatory Directory is a comprehensive guide to federal regulatory agencies. It includes citations to laws under which agencies derive their regulatory responsibilities.